At the start of the project the company identified several sites that it proposed would be suitable for eucalyptus plantation close to the municipality of Angical. All sites were identified as having the correct soil conditions and benefiting from correct rainfall prior to the projects establishment.
At the time it was reported that the region had an area of 1.7 million hectares of crops such as soybeans, corn, cotton and coffee, and had the potential to expand the agricultural area of growth to 3 million hectares, according to AIBA.
Because growing trees in region was still in its infancy, the region at the time had not compiled a forest inventory data base to track either total wood production or the mean annual increments (MAI). The productivity of the region’s forests, planted between 1 and 3 years prior to the establishment of GWD forestry projects was expected to achieve a MAI of 35 m³ (or above) per hectare per year. While not statistically significant, this number is based on experimental plantations raised in the region totalling only 71.2 hectares. These plantations used more than 200 cloned seedlings varieties selected mainly from northern part of the state of Minas Gerais but also included other regions of Brazil. There are numerous lumber associations and research institutes such as the Institute of Forest Research and Studies (IPEF) promoting these experimental plantings. Based on a comparison of Western Bahia and northern Minas Gerais, we see that both regions have similar soils and climates.